Distinctive eugenic models of modernity developed in Central Europe between 1900 and 1944, models that were adapted and used by political leaders in the immediate post-1918 era. Yet these theories, their reception and the long-term impact of them have remained largely obscure until now.
Central European Eugenics, 1900-1944 is an encyclopedia that redefines a new European history of eugenics by exploring the ideological transmission of eugenics internationally and its application locally in Central Europe. Using the key contributions of leading scholars in the field from around the world, this book examines the main organisations, individuals and policies that shaped eugenics in Austria, Poland, former Czechoslovakia, former Yugoslavia, Hungary and Romania. It pioneers the study of ethnic minorities and eugenics, exploring the ways in which ethnic minorities interacted with international eugenics discourses to advance their own aims and ambitions, whilst providing a comparative analysis of the emergence and development of eugenics in Central Europe more generally. Complete with illustrations, a glossary of terms and a comprehensive bibliography, Central European Eugenics, 1900-1944 also crucially includes over 120 primary sources translated into English from various European languages for the first time. This is a seminal text for students and scholars of Central Europe and the history of science in the twentieth century.
Complete with a glossary of terms, a list of all eugenic societies and journals from these countries, as well as a comprehensive bibliography, The History of East-Central European Eugenics, 1900–1945 is a pivotal reference work for students, researchers and academics interested in East-Central Europe and the history of science and national identity in the 20th century.