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Introduction: Ancient Animals

Linda Kalof

Linda Kalof is Professor of Sociology at Michigan State University and author of Looking at Animals in Human History and editor of The Animals Reader: The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of Animals in Antiquity Volume 1

Berg, 2007

Cultural History Chapter

...When the earliest versions of the story of Gilgamesh were being written on clay tablets around 2100 bce, the role of animals in ancient human societies was critical, compelling, and pervasive. But the centrality of animals to human cultures...

Jewish Memory and Identity in the First Century ad

Cultural Memory and Identity in Ancient Societies

Continuum, 2011

Book Chapter

...Identity is a complex issue. There are many factors that come together to create a person’s cultural identity, their sense of themselves as part of a wider cultural group. Among the most important might be their date of birth (or rough time...

Galen’s Simple Medicines: Problems in Ancient Herbal Medicine

Critical Approaches to the History of Western Herbal Medicine

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Book Chapter

...Introduction Galen (c. 130–c. 200 ce) and Hippocrates (c. 460–c. 357 bce) are two of the giants of ancient medicine. Galen is perhaps the greater, for while all of his works are the product of one mind, the Hippocratic corpus has...

Food Security, Safety, and Crises

Paul Erdkamp

Paul Erdkamp is Professor of Ancient History at the Flemish Free University of Brussels, Belgium. He is author of Hunger and the Sword; Warfare and Food Supply in Roman Republican Wars; and The Grain Market in the Roman Empire; and editor of The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome (2013). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of Food in Antiquity Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Cultural History Chapter

...The Eternal City was fearing the disaster of a coming shortage of grain, and from time to time Tertullus, who was prefect at the time, was assailed by the violent threats of the commons, as they anticipated famine, the worst of all ills....

Design

Kathryn Gleason

Kathryn Gleason is Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture and Archaeology at Cornell University. She is co-editor of The Archaeology of Garden and Field and executive editor of Gardens of the Roman Empire. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of Gardens in Antiquity Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2013

Cultural History Chapter

...The architectural treatise De architectura libri decem, the Ten Books on Architecture, by Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (c. 75–15 b.c.e.) is our only comprehensive work on ancient design. The books focus primarily on architecture but also...

Early Greek Medicine: Evidence of Models, Methods and materia medica

Critical Approaches to the History of Western Herbal Medicine

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Book Chapter

...Introduction and methodology This chapter discusses the philosophy behind, and the evidence of, herbal medicines in the practice of ancient Greek physicians; the Hippocratic physicians. It also explores such concepts and practices that may...

Nights of Egeria

Memory and Urban Religion in the Ancient World

Bloomsbury Academic, 2012

Book Chapter

...It is a conundrum that while Juvenal’s verse satire appropriates the metre and discourse of epic poetry to a much greater extent than is the case with his predecessors in the genre – Persius, Horace and Lucilius – it dispenses almost...

The Sacred and the Symbolic

A Cultural History of Animals in Antiquity Volume 1

Berg, 2007

Cultural History Chapter

...I begin this essay far away in time and topic from the focus of this volume. I do so because it is essential to understand the importance of animals to the human mind and consequently its expressions in arts, myths, rituals, symbolism...

The Roots of The Law of War in World History

Michael Bryant

Michael Bryant is Professor of History and Legal Studies, Bryant University, USA. He is the author of Confronting the “Good Death:” Nazi Euthanasia on Trial, 1945–53 (2005) and Eyewitness to Genocide: Jewish Witnesses, West German Courts, and the “Operation Reinhard” Trials, 1956–1966 (2014). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A World History of War Crimes : From Antiquity to The Present

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book Chapter

...Stone Age warfare On August 11, 1880, William Tecumseh Sherman, the commanding general of the United States Army and former Civil War general, stood before a cheering crowd of five thousand veterans in Columbus, Ohio. The gales of applause...

‘Ρωμαίζω … ergo sum: becoming Roman in Varro’s de Lingua Latina

Cultural Memory and Identity in Ancient Societies

Continuum, 2011

Book Chapter

...This chapter investigates how ‘cultural memory’ enriches understanding of ancient Rome. It focuses on de Lingua Latina (mid-40s bc), the (now mostly lost) work on Latin written by the politico and author Marcus Terentius Varro (c. 116–27...