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Introduction: Enlightenment Bodies

Carole Reeves

Carole Reeves is Outreach Historian at The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine, University College London, UK. She is co-author of Medical Book Illustration: A Short History. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Age of Enlightenment Volume 4

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Cultural History Chapter

...The Enlightenment was a time when people began to take stock of their intrinsic worth as individuals. This appraisal was different of course from ownership of one’s body. Slaves were still property, servants and apprentices were indentured,...

Introduction: The Holocaust and the genocides in Europe

Benjamin Lieberman

Benjamin Lieberman is Professor at Fitchburg State College, Massachusetts, USA. His research interests include ethnic cleansing and genocide. He is the author of Terrible Fate: Ethnic Cleansing and the Making of Modern Europe (2006) Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Holocaust and Genocides in Europe

Bloomsbury Academic, 2013

Book Chapter

...Today Auschwitz Birkenau is a museum and memorial at the town of Os´wie˛cim in southern Poland. During the Second World War close to 1 million European Jews were murdered at Auschwitz, along with tens of thousands of other victims...

Introduction

Florin Abraham

Florin Abraham is Senior Researcher at the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism at The Romanian Academy and Lecturer at The National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, Romania. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Romania Since The Second World War : A Political, Social and Economic History

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Book Chapter

...We live in a world in which the impression of space compression, as a result of global communication, creates the false appearance of dilating time, of a break with the past. But this is the link of superposed plates of our memory...

‘Dear Mr Brownlow, Will You Please Tell Me… ’

Jessica A. Sheetz-Nguyen

Jessica Sheetz-Nguyen is Associate Professor of History at the University of Central Oklahoma, US. She teaches Women’s History from a European and international perspective. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Victorian Women, Unwed Mothers and the London Foundling Hospital

Continuum, 2012

Book Chapter

...The Foundling Hospital required more than a powerful recommendation to approve a petition. Despite the extensive acclaim of his writing, Dickens wielded only a limited amount of social and moral capital with this institution. Although his...

States of War: ‘Being Civilian’ in 1940s Spain

Interrogating Francoism : History and Dictatorship in Twentieth-Century Spain

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book Chapter

...Franco's military victory on 1 April 1939 did not mean the end of the war in Spain. Civilians from the defeated side continued to be subjected to a high intensity regime of terror until at least 1948, when the state of war in Spain...

Lessons and Legacies: ‘Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red’

Fiona Reid

Fiona Reid is Associate Head of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of South Wales, UK, where she teaches modern European History. She is the author of Broken Men: Shell Shock, Treatment and Recovery in Britain, 1914-1930 and a co-author (with Sharif Gemie and Laure Humbert) of Outcast Europe: Refugees and Relief Workers in an Era of Total War, 1936-1948 (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Medicine in First World War Europe : Soldiers, Medics, Pacifists

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Book Chapter

...The Great War finally ended on 11 November 1918. The German authorities had agreed to an armistice, and although official peace treaties were not signed until June 1919, the conflict was effectively over. As the war ended it was time...

‘We Did Not Fight’: Medical Pacifism and War

Fiona Reid

Fiona Reid is Associate Head of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of South Wales, UK, where she teaches modern European History. She is the author of Broken Men: Shell Shock, Treatment and Recovery in Britain, 1914-1930 and a co-author (with Sharif Gemie and Laure Humbert) of Outcast Europe: Refugees and Relief Workers in an Era of Total War, 1936-1948 (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Medicine in First World War Europe : Soldiers, Medics, Pacifists

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Book Chapter

...‘Why don’t you refuse?’ my friendwould say to the dairyman. ‘Why shouldyou fight because another man tells you to?’It isn’t so simple as that, is it, dairyman?Bagnold, Diary without Dates, 103.Bagnold, Diary without Dates, 103. Just war...

The History of Freedom in Early Modern Europe (1348–1648)

Jim Coons

Jim Coons is an assistant professor of history at the University of Wisconsin, Whitewater Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Lesson Plan

...Introduction “Freedom” in the modern world often appears as an absolute, self-evident ideal—in many ways individual liberty defines modernity itself. The lessons outlined below are designed to encourage an historical understanding...

Under The Sign of Three Dictatorships (1938–44)

Florin Abraham

Florin Abraham is Senior Researcher at the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism at The Romanian Academy and Lecturer at The National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, Romania. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Romania Since The Second World War : A Political, Social and Economic History

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Book Chapter

...Abraham succinctly presents the drama of Greater Romania’s unravelling, whose main actors were Nazi Germany and Soviet Union, which King Carol II could not prevent. The Stalin-Hitler Pact was at the origin not only of incorporating...

The British Liberation of Bergen-Belsen: infectious diseases, in concentration campsprisoners of warforced marches offorced marches, of prisoners of warMemory of the Camps (1945/1985)

John J. Michalczyk

John J. Michalczyk is Professor and Director of Film Studies at Boston College, USA. He is the editor of Medicine, Ethics, and the Third Reich: Historical and Contemporary Issues (1994), Resisters, Rescuers, and Refugees: Historical and Ethical Issues (1997) and, with SJ Raymond G. Helmick, Through a Lens Darkly: Films of Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing (2013). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Filming the End of the Holocaust : Allied Documentaries, Nuremberg and the Liberation of the Concentration Camps

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Book Chapter

...On the same day that General George Patton wrote to General Dwight D. Eisenhower about his profound experiences at Ohrdruf on April 15, 1945, further north in Germany above Hanover in Saxony, the Allied 21st Army Group, a combined...