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Gender, Patriarchy, and Sexual Violence in Rwanda

Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century : A Comparative Survey

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Book Chapter

...During the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, genocide planners and perpetrators used sexual torture, mutilation, and enslavement as weapons of genocide against Tutsi women and girls. An epidemiological survey of women in Rwanda in 1994 found that 49...

Women as Perpetrators: Agency and Authority in Genocidal Rwanda

Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century : A Comparative Survey

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Book Chapter

...Introduction Although much of the literature on gender and armed conflict focuses, appropriately, on women as victims of violence, women also act as agents of violence in armed conflicts and mass atrocities. During the 1994 Rwandan...

An Exceptional Genocide? Sexual Violence in the Holocaust

Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century : A Comparative Survey

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Book Chapter

...On February 22, 2001, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) declared rape to be “a crime against humanity.” Rape in this definition was not limited to forced penetration but was taken to cover sexual slavery...

Masculinities and Vulnerabilities in the Rwandan and Congolese Genocides

Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century : A Comparative Survey

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Book Chapter

...Introduction: Genocide and Gender “The word [genocide] is new, the concept is ancient,” wrote Leo Kuper in a field-defining 1982 volume.Leo Kuper, Genocide: Its Political Use in the Twentieth Century (Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1981), p....

Making Sense of Genocide, Making Sense of Law

Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century : A Comparative Survey

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Book Chapter

...As the essays in this volume make clear, there is a growing recognition that gender plays a role in shaping the conditions, mechanisms, and representations of large-scale violence. As a crime committed against a group, genocide invariably...