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Introduction: Ancient Animals

Linda Kalof

Linda Kalof is Professor of Sociology at Michigan State University and author of Looking at Animals in Human History and editor of The Animals Reader: The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of Animals in Antiquity Volume 1

Berg, 2007

Cultural History Chapter

4

... cultures was nothing new, even at that very early time in history.Linda Kalof, Looking at Animals in Human History (London: Reaktion Books, 2007). This essay is an expanded and revised version of selected material from chapters 1, 2, and 3...

Introduction

A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Cultural History Chapter

1

... http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/pain/microsite/history2.html (accessed April 3, 2009). Surgeons had some limited means to alleviate pain: opium, henbane, hemlock, and wine were all used in various ways in medieval medical practice.Linda Ehrsam Voigts and Robert P. Hudson, “ ‘A...

Philosophical Beliefs

A Cultural History of Animals in Antiquity Volume 1

Berg, 2007

Cultural History Chapter

0

...In his work Pan’s Travail: Environmental Problems of the Ancient Greeks and Romans, historian J. Donald Hughes, with obvious enthusiasm for the seemingly advanced ideas of certain classical authors, claimed that “an ancient animal rights...

Self and Society

A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Cultural History Chapter

0

...In a sermon for Ash Wednesday, the twelfth-century theologian and poet Alan of Lille explicates the three “books” in which human nature can be read. These are, he states, the book of knowledge, the book of experience, and the book...

Sexuality

A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Cultural History Chapter

0

...To think about “sex” in relation to the body in medieval Europe could mean two different things: differences among bodies of different sexes (the sexed body) or the role of the body in sexual activity (the sexual body). Both...

Cultural Representations

A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Cultural History Chapter

0

...All bodies are culturally represented insofar as they are always perceived from inside a culture, through its religious, social, scientific, aesthetic, and medical values and categories. They can be used to show distinctions of power...

The Body in Birth and Death

A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Cultural History Chapter

0

...The thirteenth-century encyclopedist Thomas of Cantimpré concluded his discussion of human anatomy with a section on the “seven ages of man”; there, he divided the body’s path through time into distinct stages: infancy, childhood...

The Sacred and the Symbolic

A Cultural History of Animals in Antiquity Volume 1

Berg, 2007

Cultural History Chapter

0

...I begin this essay far away in time and topic from the focus of this volume. I do so because it is essential to understand the importance of animals to the human mind and consequently its expressions in arts, myths, rituals, symbolism...

Beauty

A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Cultural History Chapter

0

...Studying the history of human beauty is a difficult endeavor as it was a complex aspect of medieval experience. It is not uncommon to think of beauty as a set of positive, desirable, and historically determined ideal traits forming a canon....

Hunting

A Cultural History of Animals in Antiquity Volume 1

Berg, 2007

Cultural History Chapter

0

...Hunting, the killing of other animal species for food and other uses, is the primeval way of life of human communities. Indeed, it provided sustenance to prehuman and possibly ancestral primates. Homo erectus (“upright man”), a species...